All Hail Wikipedia

snip_20151214190359I get tired of people complaining about Wikipedia and saying how inaccurate it is.  If a politician or a celebrity is accused of sneaking through an edit in their favour (almost invariably to be found out later) some journalist will make some clever comment about “of course, Wikipedia is full of this sort of thing”. They ignore (or are ignorant of) how much effort Wikipedia put into monitoring edits to the pages of people in the public eye.

Wikipedia have even recently introduced an innovative artificial intelligence system to maliciously or frivolous edits and which flags the abuse up to Wikipedia’s vast team of moderators (see this article).

This is particularly important during the US Presidential Election when candidates pages are attacked pretty much continuously. However, in addition to various technology tools aimed at preventing abuse, Wikipedia has 280 paid employees whose job is “to ensure that the platform provides an open and neutral space for its community” (quotation from James Alexander, manager of Trust & Safety at the Wikimedia Foundation).

Jimmy_Wales_September_2015

Jimmy Wales

Yet still, journalists make throwaway remarks about Wikipedia being useless, corrupt, amateurish etc, etc without really knowing anything about it.  For example, on Saturday 12 December in the London Times, Giles Coren, in a semi-humorous article about the proposed ban on Donald Trump entering Britain, he wrote that he would also ban Jimmy Wales who “with the invention of Wrongopedia made people think it was OK not to be educated . . . then by ensuring that everything on it was wrong, he basically killed off knowledge itself”.

I was therefore gratified that the newspaper published a letter from world-renowned historian John Julius Norwich on 14 December rebuking  Giles Coren for just such an attack:

Sir, I am — as he knows — an enthusiastic admirer of Giles Coren, but he is badly misinformed about Wikipedia (“Why stop at Trump?”, Dec 12). As a writer of history I resort to it at least a dozen times a day. I could never have written my last two books without it, and I have never caught it out yet, which is more than I can say of the Encyclopedia Britannica. Its range is astonishing: it is almost impossible to find a person, place or subject that it has left uncovered.

I believe that we now have at our elbow a work of reference as useful as any in existence; I can only implore Giles and any others who doubt these words to cast aside their prejudices and try it for themselves. As for me, I can’t believe my luck.

For myself Wikipedia is a resource I use daily and think it is the best and most reliable reference resource on the Internet. I was happy to contribute a small amount to the fund-raising appeal which is popping up on it’s home page during December.

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Review: Penguin Underground Lines – various authors

IMG_53162013 sees the 150th anniversary of the London Underground, “the tube”, and Penguin books have brought out twelve small books (available either singly or as a boxed set), one for each tube line, commemorating the wonderfully eccentric tube line which serves the Britain;s capital.

I found this to be a fascinating collection with a wide range of styles and themes.  The design qualities are excellent, as you might expect from Penguin with a consistent look and feel while allowing distinctive covers for each book.  This is a very pleasing set of books – I am not a book collector in any sense of the word but I can see this set’s appeal to almost anyone for whom the tube is a daily habit (or ordeal).

I’m not going to go through each book but will give a few “honourable mentions” plucked not quite at random from this set.  Firstly, John Lanchester’s What We Talk About When We Talk About The Tube, is a potted history of the tube system, describing how the tube in some ways defined London.  Where the tube went London followed, with suburbs extending along the tracks and villages appearing where stations were built.  John describes his personal history of the tube then writes about the experiences of being firstly a passenger and secondly being in the driver’s cab.  If ever you want a short book about the tube, it’s history and what it means today then this is it.

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Review: Keeping Up With The Germans – Philip Oltermann

keepint up with the germansAnyone who has visited Germany will come away impressed by the similarities between our two countries. We Britons find much to admire in Germany but the Germans tend to admire British culture and our way of life also. When Philip Oltermann was 16, his parents told him that his father had accepted a posting to London and now, 17 years later, Philip has written this book, Keeping Up With The Germans – A History of Anglo-German Encounters, a collection of reflections, analyses and random facts about the friendly but often uneasy relationship between our two countries.

Philip did rather well in Britain.  While at school he was selected to join an elite group of boys studying A-level in Philosophy.  He eventually went up to Oxford University and is now a deputy editor on The Guardian.  His book is a very wide-ranging mixture containing chapters which discuss some complex philosophical and linguistic ideas, and other chapters about football, humour and motoring.  If you’re prepared for this then it makes a thoughtful and entertaining read which I for one found very interesting.

It would be easy to write this review entirely by quoting some of the more memorable passages from the book.  To see British culture through German eyes is not always an experience which makes you feel proud of your country, especially when for example, you read of Philip’s induction into the tradition of the British Sunday lunch.

“One of my father’s new colleagues had invited us for a welcoming meal which she announced as ‘a Sunday roast’ when we stepped into her house. We had barely taken off our jackets when our host – all wavy coiffured hair and buck teeth – hugged us emphatically and tried to kiss me on my cheeks. She had accompanied the words ‘Sunday roast’ with a showy movement of the hands, like a butler lifting a silver dish cover, conveying an impression of ceremony and theatre. A Sunday roast, this hand movement tried to say, was not like any other meal”.

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Review: I Sleep in Hitler’s Room – Tuvia Tenenbom

I’ve read some strange books in my time, but this one certainly pushes the boundaries.  At first glance it seems to be a typical travel book in Bryson-esque style.  But with its title, I Sleep in Hitler’s Room – An American Jew Visits Germany, you know from the start that this is not going to be your usual travelogue.

I first encountered it from an article in the English edition of German weekly magazine Der Spiegel, and being a bit of a Germano-phile (I love travelling in the Germany), I thought I would see what it was like.

Tuvia Tenenbom is the son of Holocaust survivors and also Founding Artistic Director of the Jewish Theater of New York.  He was invited to write this book by the publishing company Rowohlt Verlag, one of the biggest in Germany. The company’s representative asked him if he would like to come to Germany, to “travel around the country a few months, and write a book about my experiences”.  By the time Tenenbom had submitted the draft of his book he found himself in serious dispute with the publishers who evidently did not feel that they have got what they bargained for.

The scurrilous, partisan, rude and hilarious manuscript ended up being red-penned to the degree that Tenenbom felt that he could no longer be associated with it and the publishers refused to publish it without major changes.  Tenenbom eventually published the book himself in the USA and finally this year, a German version was published but with quite a number of deletions of passages which may have fallen foul of German law.  In the English version reviewed here, you get the complete text, a book which I found to be one of the funniest and also the most controversial things I have read this year.

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Review – Are We Related? Granta Books

This is the 200th full-length review I’ve published on A Common Reader.  A sort of milestone. . .

I have been subscribing to Granta magazine for quite a few years now and enjoy its quality writing on a vast range of subjects.  Its a well-produced journal, not the sort of thing you want to throw away, and I find with most editions that there are one or two articles which still in my mind and make me want to come back to them, often years later.  Articles (both fiction and factual) are written by a wide range of writers, including such notables Jonathan Raban, Peter Carey, Salman Rushdie, Lionel Shriver, Paul Auster, Elaine Showalter and countless others.

Every so often a book comes your way which is satisfying in many different ways.  In Are We Related? The New Granta Book of the Family the writing is excellent and the variety of pieces is sufficiently wide that every one comes as a surprise when you read it.  The physicality of the book is pleasing – it feels big and substantial, the typeface and layout work well.  Its a book you can dip in and out of and as you read it, you know its going to remain on your shelf to be dipped in and out of for years to come.

Liz Jobey (Associated Editor of Granta) has selected 27 pieces about the family, taken from Granta magazines from 1995 to the present day, all of which, whether fiction of non-fiction, explore the complexity of family relationships and the stresses and strains they generate (and occasional joys).

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Review: Born Yesterday – Gordon Burn

Gordon Burn died two weeks ago, after a writing career in which he developed a reputation for covering difficult subjects with a radical pen.  Burn sliced through the myths about celebrity and fame, whether dealing with notorious criminals (Fred and Rosemary West, Myra Hindley, Peter Sutcliffe), or well known figures in the entertainment and sporting worlds (George Best, Alma Cogan).

Despite his subject matter, Gordon Burn was never prurient or out to shock, but wanted to get behind the person to the reasons for their actions and the meaning of what they did.  He came to his topics dispassionately but shone a torch into murky corners to show the complicit systems in media and politics that supported the lives of outcasts and celebrities alike.

Burn was not a run of the mill author.  His friend the artist Damien Hurst wrote in an article in the Guardian, “I really do think he was the greatest writer, the best writer of our generation on art. It was because he was a novelist that he was so good: he brought something else to the table. There is so much bullshit and art-speak in the art world, it drives me nuts. Gordon cut through all of that”.

His last book, Born Yesterday is about as good a tribute to Gordon Burn as you could get.  It is a strange book, for at first glance it does not appear to be fiction at all, more like a rolling news review of 2007.  Burn covers many of the major news events of the year, including the abduction of Madeleine McCann, terror attacks at Glasgow airport, Gordon Brown’s succession from Tony Blair, the catastrophic flooding that affected great areas of the country.  All these stories are interleaved throughout the book, but as you read them you realise that this is not journalism at all. Continue reading

Review: Don’t Get Fooled Again – Richard Wilson

Scepticism about media, politics and finances comes naturally to most of us these days, particularly when people who should know better have brought the world to a state of economic crisis (did our rulers really not know that unfettered greed is no basis for an economic world-order?).  It is refreshing to read a book like Don’t Get Fooled Again, which takes our vague feeling that “things aren’t quite right” and shows us that gut instincts are often quite correct, and we really shouldn’t believe the utterances of any institution or public figure without first submitting them to some pretty stringent tests.

Richard Wilson puts forward a good case for scepticism, reminding his readers that humanity has a long history of “meekly engaging in depraved acts of inhumanity on the basis of ideas that turned out to be total gibberish”.

Much of his book focuses on the public relations industry, citing a number of case studies to show how opinion can be manipulated.  He devotes a whole chapter to the way tobacco companies in the 1950s manipulated news organisations to question the increasingly obvious link between smoking and lung cancer.  The strategy consisted of getting an influential academic on-side (geneticist Clarence Cook Little in this case), and using him to question every scrap of evidence which research scientists gathered supporting the need for anti-smoking legislation.

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